→ 12 Aug 14 at 10 am
On this day, 12th August 30 BC Cleopatra VII Philopator dies.
"Octavian was undisputed master of the Roman world after an engagement [Actium] which, as far as the actual fighting went, was something of an anticlimax in view of the vast forces assembled on each side. However, it was the decisive battle and it was soon portrayed by Virgil and others as the victory of West over East…his [Antony’s] remaining troops had deserted. Hearing a rumour that Cleopatra was dead, Antony stabbed himself…Cleopatra was taken prisoner and when she found she could not retain her kingdom for her children, she too died, at the bite of an asp which the Egyptians believed deified its victim…
Towards the children of Antony and Cleopatra he [Octavian] was merciful and they were later brought up by Octavia…but he killed Antony’s elder son by Fulvia, Antyllus, and Caesarion: he could not allow a potential rival to survive. Egypt was annexed, but not as an ordinary Roman province: it became the private possession of the Roman emperor…”
Taken from H. H. Scullard, From the Gracchi to Nero (2011, p.145)